SCHEDULE

We have scheduled our Programs dividing them into Day 1, Day 2, Day 3 in order to make it convenient for you to attend in absolute comfort.

25 Jan
Day 1

Keynote Forum : 1
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Biography:

Claude Billeaud received his MD degree from the Medical University of Bordeaux ( France) in 1979 after a graduation in human cytogenetics (1976). He then studied pediatrics and has been the Clinical Assistant Director of Bordeaux University in the departments of Pediatrics, Neonatology and Intensive Care since 1983.He currently serves as a pediatrician in the neonatal unit at the Children’s Hospital of Bordeaux, as a scientific manager of Bordeaux-Marmande human milk bank, as a lecturer and head of research (HDR : Habilitation to direct research) in neonatal nutrition at the Medical University of Bordeaux.His particular interest in research led him to graduate in Biology and Health (1988, Bordeaux), be awarded a master in statistics applied to clinical research ( 1991, Montreal) and complete a PhD in nutrition and food science (2000, Bordeaux).Along his career he has often been invited as a guest professor specialised in nutrition and neonatology in various universities abroad ( Montreal, Corrientes in Argentina).Over the last 35 years, he has been an active member of different scientific organisations, either French, European or American, specialised in perinatal medicine (neonatology, pediatrics and nutrition). In this instance, he has served as the President of the Association for Pediatric Education in Europe (A.P.E.E) since 2008 and behalf APEE he is Member of European Academy of Paediatrics (EAP).He has also been very involved in the French human milk banking association (ADLF) for more than 10 years, sharing his academic knowledge focused in nutrition and his long clinical experience in neonatology. He is currently carrying out several researches on the composition of human milk.As an expert in nutrition and perinatal medicine, he is also the author and co-author of numerous scientific publications.     

Abstract:

The latest recommendations to increase intakes of polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) n-3. Indeed, linoleic acid (LA) and α-linolenic acid (ALA) are the essential precursors of long chain PUFA respectively, arachidonic acid (ARA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), which are essential for cognitive development of the newborn. Furthermore the LA excess foster obesity. This study looks at the monitor French consumption of PUFA from 1997 to 2014, following the fatty acid composition (FA) of HM that reflects FA consumption of the lactating mother.

Keynote Forum : 2
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Biography:

V.B Meyer-Rochow holds a PhD in Neurobiology and a DSc in Ethnobiology from the Australian National University. He pioneered research into traditional uses of invertebrates and made observations in Papua Niugini, India, Australia, North Korea and Japan. He is currently on a 2-year Visiting Professorship at Andong National University’s Dept. of Plant Medicals  in S. Korea.

Abstract:

Insects and other invertebrates, used since time immemorial as a healthy food item, were credited with potential to ease the problem of global food shortages (Meyer-Rochow 1975), but historically their role in traditional healing methods has been an even greater one.  Practices that have stood the test of time (Erren et al. 2014) were found to be based on biologically active compounds (Meyer-Rochow 2017). Bioactive honey, anti-rheumatic and anti-inflammatory bee venom, the meloid beetles’ cantharidin and Chinese cockroaches come to mind. Male silkworm pupal extract has been likened to Viagra-like effects in humans (Oh et al. 2012); Umemura lists 28 species of Lepidoptera used therapeutically in Japan and bengaline, an isolate of scorpions in India, has been shown to exhibit antiproliferative and apoptogenic activity against human leukaemic cell lines. Substances produced by slugs and snails possess mucolytic and spasmolytic pharmacological activities and “Helix pomatia agglutinin” appears to possess potential in treating a variety of cancers as do earthworm subtances (e.g. glycolipoprotein G-90). Leeches to prevent blood coagulation have been used for ages just like fly maggots in debridement. The list of antimicrobial peptides is growing steadily. How totally different organ systems can benefit from extracts, potions, powders, secretions, ashes, etc. of a single species and different target organs can respond to taxonomically not even closely related species will be explained.

Keywords: Folk medicine, Traditional healing, Entomo-pharmacology, Health, Alternative therapies

Keynote Forum : 3
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Biography:

Raffaele Pilla, Pharm.D., Ph.D., Doctor Europaeus, received his Master’s degree in Pharmacy at G.d’Annunzio University in Chieti-Pescara, Italy in 2005, where he also served internships at the CellPhysiology Laboratory and Molecular Biology Laboratory. Prior, he was an Erasmus Student atFaculté de Pharmacie de Reims in Reims, France. He received his Doctor Europaeus in 2010 fromPitié-Salpétrière Institute in Paris, France. Also in 2010, he received his Ph.D. in Biochemistry,Physiology, and Pathology of Muscle at G. d’Annunzio University in Chieti-Pescara, Italy. He washired as a Postdoctoral Scholar in the Department of Pharmacology and Physiology at the Universityof South Florida in Tampa, on two research grants funded by the Office of Naval Research (US Navy)and Divers’ Alert Network. He has written and lectured widely worldwide. He has been involved inongoing research at the University of South Florida with the use of ketone esters.

Abstract:

It has been recently shown that nutritional ketosis is effectiveagainst seizure disorders and various acute/chronic neurologicaldisorders. Physiologically, glucose is the primary metabolic fuelfor cells. However, many neurodegenerative disorders have beenassociated with impaired glucose transport/metabolism and withmitochondrial dysfunction, such as Alzheimer’s/Parkinson’sdisease, general seizure disorders, and traumatic brain injury.Ketone bodies and tricarboxylic acid cycle intermediatesrepresent alternative fuels for the brain and can bypass the ratelimitingsteps associated with impaired neuronal glucosemetabolism. Therefore, therapeutic ketosis can be considered as ametabolic therapy by providing alternative energy substrates. Ithas been estimated that the brain derives over 60% of its totalenergy from ketones when glucose availability is limited. In fact,after prolonged periods of fasting or ketogenic diet (KD), the bodyutilizes energy obtained from free fatty acids (FFAs) released fromadipose tissue. Because the brain is unable to derive significantenergy from FFAs, hepatic ketogenesis converts FFAs into ketonebodies-hydroxybutyrate (BHB) and acetoacetate (AcAc)-while apercentage of AcAc spontaneously decarboxylates to acetone.Large quantities of ketone bodies accumulate in the bloodthrough this mechanism. This represents a state of normalphysiological ketosis and can be therapeutic. Ketone bodies aretransported across the blood-brain barrier by monocarboxylic acidtransporters to fuel brain function. Starvation or nutritionalketosis is an essential survival mechanism that ensures metabolicflexibility during prolonged fasting or lack of carbohydrateingestion. Therapeutic ketosis leads to metabolic adaptations thatmay improve brain metabolism, restore mitochondrial ATPproduction, decrease reactive oxygen species production, reduceinflammation, and increase neurotrophic factors’ function. It hasbeen shown that KD mimics the effects of fasting and the lack ofglucose/insulin signaling, promoting a metabolic shift towardsfatty acid utilization. In this work, the author reports a number ofsuccessful case reports treated through metabolic ketosis.


Speaker - 1
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Biography:

Jean Eric PELET holds a PhD in Marketing, an MBA in Information Systems and a BA (Hons) in Advertising. As an Assistant Professor in Management, he works on problems concerning consumer behavior when using a website or other information system such as e-learning, knowledge management, e-commerce platforms and how the interface can change that behavior. His main interest lies in the variables that enhance navigation in order to help people to be more efficient with these systems. He works as a Visiting Professor both in France and abroad (England, Switzerland, Thailand) teaching e-marketing, ergonomics, usability and consumer behavior at Design Schools (Nantes), Business Schools (Paris, Reims), and Universities (Paris Dauphine - Nantes). His work has been published in international journals and conferences such as EJIS AMS, EMAC, AFM and ICIS and he has authored two books on u-commerce and e-learning topics. His current research interests focus on m-commerce,social networks, interface design, and usability.

Abstract:

The current global scene is characterized by a huge paradox: “on one side, there is the scourge of poverty, on the other; 1.3 billion tonnes of food is wasted around the world every year”. To address these problems, alternative distribution formats aimed at reducing food waste, such as Food banks or Social supermarkets, which tackle two challenges in one go: by saving surplus food from the bin, they also help people feed themselves and their families for less. Since the 90s, a number of capabilities and applications have arrived which have either driven new forms of sharing or have modified the manner or scale of pre-existing forms of sharing. Social media may contribute to increasing sales and building customer loyalty for wine companies, especially through the social links that may generate sustainable profits based on recommendations made by consumers. The purpose of this study is, on one hand, to investigate the potential of social media such as Facebook to be used as a new distribution channel for wine and, on the other hand, to delineate how consumers behave vis-à-vis social media, especially in terms of their willingness to buy wine through social media. Data has been gathered from an online survey based on constructs using multi-item indicators. 156 valid responses were collected and analysed through structural equation modelling. The findings underline that winegrowers should seriously consider the potential of using social media in conjunction with their websites, in order to promote and distribute their wine.

Speaker - 2
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Biography:

Abba P. Obouayeba is Assistant Professor of Biochemistry-Pharmacology at the Agrovalorisation Laboratory of the Department of Biochemistry-Microbiology at the Jean Lorougnon Guédé University of Daloa (Côte d'Ivoire). He is the author of about 12 scientific papers published in international peer-reviewed journals, most of which are impact-factor; Citations: 136 and index h: 5. He is a member of the editorial board of four international journals and a reviewer of 16 international science journals with impact factor.

Abstract:

Background: The petals of Hibiscus sabdariffa, is widely used to manufacture of non-alcoholic drink « Bissap » beverage consumed in West Africa during various ceremonies, the present work has the objective to determine its phenolic compounds and to assess the pharmacological properties of extract of these petals.Methodology: The phytochemical study was carried out by HPLC and this of pharmacological activities was made using Wistar rats divided into groups. The treatments were administered via oral route and at single dose for seven days, followed by injection of doxorubicin. After injection of doxorubicin, blood samples were collected for the carrying out of biochemical analyses of markers of hepatotoxicity (albumin, total and direct bilirubin, ALT, AST and LDH) and oxidative stress (TBARS, FRAP and DPPH).Results: This study identified two phenolic acids, four anthocyanins and 16 flavonoids. These results also showed that anthocyanins (delphinidin 3-O-sambubioside and cyanidin 3-O-sambubioside) and flavonoids (gossypetin, hibiscetin, quercetin and sabdaretin) are the major compounds of the petals extract of Hibiscus sabdariffa (PEHS). In addition, the results helped to highlight the antioxidant and hepatoprotective properties of this plant. Indeed, the PEHS had attenuated the side effect of doxorubicin through the rats of groups 3 and 4 were statistically identical (p<0.05) to the control group for markers of hepatotoxicity and oxidative stress.Conclusion: These results show that the consumption of soft drink commonly known as « Bissap » could help strengthen the antioxidant and hepatoprotective capacities of the organism.Keywords: Hibiscus sabdariffa, anthocyanins, flavonoids, doxorubicin

Speaker - 3
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Biography:

Thilavathy Naidoo has completed his PhD at the age of 47 years from KwaZuluNatal University and currently untertaking postdoctoral studies at KwaZuluNatal Univesity. She is an educator involed in nutrition education at school.She has published 2 papers in reputed journals. She is currently inolved with improving the National School Nutrition Program that is in place in South Africa.

Abstract:

Aim: Measure nutritional intake of grade eight learners in a purposively selected public school using 24 hour food recall and the Quantified Food Frequency Questionnaire to identify the food that the participants are consuming and compare the food intake to the South African Food Based Dietary Guidelines.

Introduction: The study was intended to measure and assess the prevalence of overweight, obesity and nutritional deficiency amongst learners in a public school on the Berea in Durban Central in Kwa Zulu Natal, South Africa. Learners generally make poor food choices despite the availability of healthier options. Tuck-shop food has been a popular lunch option for many learners. However, the fact that learners spend most of the day in a school environment makes it ideal for nutrition interventions to take place. There is growing international concern over the eating practices of young people, and the consequences for their health both at this age and in future years. This study measured and assessed the prevalence of overweight, obesity and nutritional deficiency amongst learners in a public school in Durban Central, South Africa. The study addressed these research questions: What is the nutritional intake of learners at a public secondary school? What is the BMI of learners at a public secondary school? Why are the levels of obesity, overweight and nutritional deficiency among grade eight learners in a purposively selected public school the way they are?

Speaker - 4
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Abstract:

Chicken and eggs are important sources of proteins widely consumed in Cameroon, but there is no data available concerning their mycotoxin contamination and dietary intakes for human. The present study was conducted to assess the level of Total aflatoxins (AFs), Aflatoxin B1 (AFB1) and Ochratoxin A (OTA) in chicken feeds, tissues and eggs from modern poultry farms of three regions of Cameroon using ELISA and to evaluate the dietary exposure of the population to chicken and eggs. Local broiler feed presented high concentration of AFs (10.3 ± 2.3 μg/kg) and AFB1 (10.0 ± 1.2μg/kg). Imported layer feed presented a high concentration of OTA (2.3 ± 0.3 μg/kg), while local broiler and layer feed presented the same OTA’s concentration (1.0 ± 0.3 μg/kg). Mean concentrations of AFs, AFB1 and OTA were below the established FAO/WHO regulated limit in poultry feed. Broiler liver presented the highest contamination in AFs (2.0 ± 0.2 μg/kg), AFB1 (0.9 ± 0.1 μg/kg) and OTA (1.7 ± 0.3 μg/kg). Layer egg was also contaminated with AFs (1.3 ± 0.2 μg/kg), AFB1 (0.9 ± 0.1 μg/kg) and OTA (1.7 ± 0.3 μg/kg). Children were more exposed to AFB1 and OTA through consumption of chicken with daily intakes of 10.3 μg/kg bw/day and 11.3μg/kg bw/day, respectively. The associated margin of exposures (MOEs) were estimated at 2.6 (AFB1) and 1.9 (OTA). Teenagers were more exposed to AFB1 (0.9 μg/kg bw/day) and OTA (0.8 μg/kg bw/day) through the consumption of eggs with associated MOEs of 0.2 and 26.3, respectively. In each individual group, the estimated intakes of OTA were higher than the provisional tolerable daily intake (PTDI). The MOEs to AFB1 and OTA in chicken and eggs were below 10000 for all individuals suggesting a higher concern for public health.Keywords: Aflatoxins, Ochratoxin A., Mycotoxins, Chicken, Eggs, Dietary exposure

Speaker - 5
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Biography:

maria lourdes de vera is an artist and an award winning author. She has written articles  about child rearing and write books on the significance of creative art works for children­­­. She is a registered Nurse specializing in Intensive Care Nursing. A former Clinical Instructor she handles Research as her main field of interest. Marilou is a licensed Professional Teacher and Psychologist with post graduates in Medical Surgical Nursing, Guidance and Counselling and Fine Arts. She advances the cause of using ­­creative art with Children as an effective approach to imaginative thinking, problem solving and as a tool to develop the psychosocial emotional abilities of the child. She gives lectures to undergraduate and graduate school students in selected colleges and universities in the National Capital Region, Philippines.

Abstract:

Abuse and Violence are a health risk among Children. It carries the potential of producing long and debilitating mental health problems that includes maladaptive behaviors, anxiety disorders, personality or relational issues. Abuse and violence in all forms is a serious global health problem affecting children. It is not an isolated case. It is cause for alarm and concern.This health issue requires equal importance as any other physiologic and physical disorder. It advocates the use of client centered or person-centered therapy.  The child’s right to be respected for his views is necessary in the treatment and healing process. Every child is a human being having similar rights as any adults have. It includes their right to association with both parents, human identity, the provision of the basic needs for physical protection, food, universal state-paid education, health care, and criminal laws appropriate for the age and development of the child, equal protection of the child’s civil rights, and freedom. Prevention of a disruptive home environment is better than a whole system of cure. Abuse, whatever the nature is; physical, psychological or sexual according to Mullen and Fleming (1998) reveals a significant connection between a history of child abuse and a range of adverse outcomes both in childhood and adulthood. The important role of the family and community where the child is raised is stressed. This study describes coping mechanism, mental health wellbeing and functioning of an abused child.

Speaker - 6
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Abstract:

This research was carried out to determine the nutritional values and antimicrobial activities of a mixed fruit juice from Coconut (Cocos nucifera) and Pineapple (Ananas comosus) whichpasteurized at 80°C for 10 minutes. The Phytochemical components of the fruit juices were analysed whereby the amount of alkaloids was higher than other components. The physical properties studied included pH, titratable acidity and total solids.Nutritional, chemical compositions and antimicrobial activities of individual fruit juice and their blends were also carried out using standard methods. Sensory evaluation result showed a significant difference (p<0.05) in their colour, flavour, taste and overall acceptability of the juice blends. Their pH and titratable acidity values that were in reversed manner confer on them longer storage period. The samples had a high zone of inhibition in Staphylococcus aureus compared to other organisms. Generally, they had a fair antimicrobial activities, good sensory qualities and high amount of minerals.

Keywords: Coconut; Pineaple; Antimicrobial; Fruit juice.

 

Speaker - 7
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Biography:

F. Ça?lar ÇEL?KEZEN is Assoc.Prof Dr. At the University of Bitlis Eren. He received a bachelor’s degree in chemistry from Van Yuzuncu Y?l University and a master’s and doctorate degrees in biochemistry at the same university. His research interests include plant biochemistry, boron biochemistry, genotoxicity, toxicology  and antioxidants.

Abstract:

Plants have been used in various treatment methods from ancient times to today. In this study, antioxidant and antimicrobial properties, superoxide dismutase and glutathione-s-transferase enzymes activities, Fe, Zn and Cu levels of Plantago lanceolata which was consumed in Bitlis region were investigated. Antioxidant properties were detected by DPHH method and determination of superoxide dismutase and glutathione-s-transferase enzymes activities. When antimicrobial feautures were elevated via disc diffusion method, trace elements levels determined spectrophotometrically. The obtain results showed that the plant samples which obtained from Tatvan have highest antioxidant activity (EC50=1.14) and the richest content in terms of superoxide dismutase (3.62 unit/gr), glutathione-s-transferase levels (110.72 unit/gr) and trace element content. In addition, plant samples showed slight antimicrobial effect on used microorganisms except obtained from Adilcevaz. As a result, the obtained data showed that Plantago lanceolata wich growen in Bitlis region could be an important candidate for further studies.
Keywords: Plantago lanceolata, antioxidant, antimicrobial, DPPH, Trance element.

Speaker - 8
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Biography:

?brahim EK?N received a bachelor’s degree in chemistry from ?nönü University and a master’s degree in biochemistry at the University of Bitlis Eren. His research interests include food chemistry.

 



Abstract:

In the present study, some chemical features of gezo molasses produced in Bitlis city were investigated. In the work, 6 molasses samples were collected from 6 different producers. The chemical properties were dedected as follow; pH 5.23, total ash %0.86, total acid 38.7, total amount of sugar %20.01, amount of invert sugar %9.82, amount of saccharose %9.68 and hydroxymethylfurfural (HMF) 12.67 (mg/kg). In addition, antioxidant and antimicrobial activities were evaluated. Antioxidant activity of gezo molasses was %13.8. Antimicrobial activity assased against Staphlococcus aureus (ATCC 33862), Burkholderia cepacia (ATCC 25608), Enterococcusf aecalis (ATCC 29212), Streptococcus pyogenes (ATCC 19615), Bacillus subtilis (ATCC 6633). Gezo molasses exhibited antibiotic effect on Streptococcus pyogenes.
Keywords: Gezo molasses, Bitlis, HMF, antioxidant, antimicrobial

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